NATIONAL AMBLYOPIA PREVENTIVE PROGRAM
Zagreb Amblyopia Preschool Screening (ZAPS)
In 1995, the World Health Organization defined vision as a fundamental human right and launched a global initiative to reduce preventable vision loss, calling on all countries in the world to contribute locally to this global initiative by 2020. At the general physical examination performed by a pediatrician in primary health care at the age of 3 parents would receive a referral for an ophthalmological examination to be performed at the age of 4. At first in the Republic of Croatia, amblyopia screening was performed only as part of a general physical examination when enrolling a child in primary school, when it was too late to treat amblyopia. Recognizing prevention as the foundation of good health care, University Eye Clinic, University Hospital “Sveti Duh”, under the auspices of the City of Zagreb; Mayor of the City of Zagreb Mr. Milan Bandić and the City Office for Health and Veterans and the City Office for Education, Culture and Sports, with the support of the Faculty of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek and the then Dean prof. Aleksandra Včeva MD, PhD, from September 2011 to June 2014, implemented the world's largest amblyopia screening project in kindergartens of the City of Zagreb, entitled " Zagreb Amblyopia Preschool Screening (ZAPS) study ".