NATIONAL AMBLYOPIA DAY (NaDA)
Ambylopia is the most common visual impairment in children and the leading cause of blindness on one eye, without the presence of visible eye disease, which is why children generally do not complain of visual impairment. The long-term consequence of amblyopia can be the development of blindness and disability, and also affect the self-awareness, as well as the child's subsequent psychological development. If not cured in the early stages of a child's development until about the age of 7, the ambliopic eye will never be able to regain good vision. Moreover, the eye can also become functionally blind, namely after the age of seven, the development of the visual part of the brain is almost finished.
National Preventive Program of Early Amlyopia Detection
Every fifth child who has so far responded to a screening examination as part of the of the National Preventive Program of Early Amlyopia Detection (NPPEAD) has been referred for further examination, ie a complete ophthalmological examination due to possible vision problems. Screening by testing the visual acuity of four-year-olds is the most reliable method for detecting amblyopia, since this simple test can detect up to 97% of all eye anomalies.
Croatia is one of the 10 countries in the world
"Croatia is one of the 10 countries in the world that has the highest level of ophthalmic care for children. With timely treatment, it is possible to cure more than 90% of visually impaired children, and we can significantly help the remaining ones to improve their vision and thus their quality of life ", said the director of the University Hospital" Sveti Duh" and the head of the University Eye Department, prof. Mladen Bušić. "And let's not forget, early treatment of amblyopia is among the most effective procedures not only in ophthalmology, but in medicine in general!“
The National Preventive Program of Early Amblyopia Detection
The National Preventive Program of Early Amblyopia Detection has been implemented since 2016 in Croatia, and since 2019 according to a new protocol - inviting children to preventive examinations by invitation letter with a clearly stated date, time and place of examination.
The goal of the National Preventive Program of Early Amylopia Detection
The goal of the National Preventive Program of Early Amylopia Detection is to reduce the prevalence of amblyopia, from the current 8%, to less than 1%. This is possible only by detecting the disease at an early age of the child, in order to begin the treatment in a timely manner.
September 12th, is marked as the National Amblyopia Day (NaDA).